at their best. Begonias can be classified into a number of groups based on growth habit. Whether from the nursery or started indoors, young begonias are ready for planting in the garden any time after the risk of frost has passed. Tamaya, also called bamboo begonia and Begonia maculata, is a magnificent indoor plant that offers abundant flowers.. Begonia maculata ‘tamaya’ facts. POSITION . Unlike the cane-stemmed varieties, shrub begonias will branch, so prune in late winter to promote new growth. Begonias prefer well-drained soil, partial shade and humid weather. Start decreasing water in late summer to early fall and trim back foliage when it starts to … If you choose the latter method, start them indoors in late winter so that they have time to mature before you transplant outside in warm weather. Cover it with ½” of the soil. Some species will also tolerate deep shade. While their flowers are insignificant, their foliage is like a royal robe with purple, pink, maroon, pewter, silver and shades of green splashed on the foliage in dazzling combos. One of the most popular is B. coccinea, which has pendulous heart-shaped leaves with red undersides and margins. The foliage arises from an … Double begonias (Begonia semperflorens) brighten up patio planters, window boxes and garden beds with showy double blossoms. A group of two or three pots of these little beauties will brighten any room. Begonias need regular care, including food, water, and some pruning to keep them looking their best and healthy enough to fight off disease. If the air in your house is dry, especially in the winter, it is a good idea to set your begonia houseplants on a shallow tray filled with pebbles and water. With the exception of one or two species, begonias are tropical or subtropical plants and can be grown as perennials (dying back in fall and regrowing in spring) in zones 9 and 10 of the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. Unlike the cane-stemmed varieties, shrub begonias will branch, so prune in late winter to promote new growth. Begonia maculata is another houseplant that has taken the plant world by storm and is super popular. Some species are commonly grown indoors as ornamental houseplants in cooler climates. Keep the soil only slightly moist and, when the stems die back, allow the soil to dry out. Begonias also get sunburnt, seen as a pale brown or yellow scorch mark on all, or part, of the leaf. So try a little begonia brilliance at your place. A few standouts in the group are Begonia venosa, with rounded silver-grey velvety leaves, B. metallica, with purple-veined leaves, and the majestic B. luxurians, with leaves that look almost like a palm frond – green on the topside and red underneath. Begonias have fleshy stems and leaves that hold water for long periods of time, so they don’t need constant watering. This plant makes attractive plants in the garden with its beautiful foliages that can bloom all year round. They prefer daily temperatures around 75 degrees Fahrenheit and overnight lows in the mid-60s, but they can often tolerate higher temperatures with protection from harsh sun rays. Height – 8 to 16 inches (20 to 40 cm) Exposure – full sun, part sun Soil – rather rich, well drained Remove any affected leaves with sterilised sharp scissors or secateurs. General Care. Try to water the soil around the plant and not the foliage, as wet leaves can encourage powdery mildew. and leaf shapes, and bear flowers for many months. With more than 1,200 known species, the Begoniaceae family is one of the largest flowering plant groups. To start your Begonia seeds, use sterile soil in a seedling tray and simply sprinkle the seeds on top. Most varieties grow best in a mild temperature range, between 15°C and 26°C, though tuberous begonias need it a little cooler to perform. They enjoy a sunny location, as long as it's not direct. Angel Wing Begonias produce beautiful flowers in a range of colors from white, pink, orange, and red, but they also require plenty of water and warm temperatures. They need good ventilation to help prevent fungal diseases and do well planted under trees and shrubs. Most varieties grow best in a mild temperature range, between 15°C and 26°C, though tuberous begonias need it a little cooler to perform at their best. Best in filtered shade, they like a little morning sun in cooler climates. Begonias are fairly robust but you will need to look out for and treat these problems to keep your plants in tip-top shape. Begonia Dregei is a remarkable herbaceous, shade-loving, and summer-blooming plant that makes an excellent indoor pot display. Prized for their prolific blooms in a rainbow of colors—from creamy white and soft pink to shades of deep rose and crimson red—begonias are favorites of home gardeners everywhere. Begonia Maculata Care . Dark brown, crisp looking marks on leaf edges are usually caused by low humidity. Cut back spent flower stems to 5–10cm long, to revitalise the plant and encourage new growth. They’re stately plants, great for filling areas of the garden that need a vertical element. While they enjoy humid conditions, they don’t like “wet feet;” soggy soil can cause their roots to rot. 45 to 95 degrees, 15 to 18in. Grow them in African violet potting mix and keep it evenly moist. It belongs to the family of Begoniaceae. Pots can be brought close or into the house over winter in frosty regions. This complete guide will help you identify the perfect plant and outline the necessary begonia care to help it thrive in your garden or container. They like humidity and warmth, but can’t tolerate extreme heat, dryness or frost. Ideal as houseplants or in hanging baskets, elatior begonias (Begonia x hiemalis) are short-lived but flower prolifically and come in fabulous colours, from hot reds and oranges to softer sherbet-like pinks, lemons and apricots. Their large leaves are also prone to mildew and fungus growth that can cause crown rot so it is best to keep the foliage dry, never misting it, and only watering the plant at its soil. In dry weather, supplement Mother Nature’s begonia care with a rejuvenating fine mist via the sprinkler for 15 minutes in the heat of the afternoon and sufficient bottom watering—remember, just enough to keep the soil lightly damp but not waterlogged. Tuberous begonias, on the other hand, can be difficult to overwinter, because the tubers can rot or die if they get too warm or too cold, or if they develop fungus—don’t feel bad if yours don’t survive indoors for the season. They're back and just as beautiful as ever. Once they develop roots, they can be overwintered (as described below) for replanting in your garden again next summer. The Begonias are native to moist subtropical and tropical climates. Watering correctly is important in the care of begonias. Fibrous begonias are the easiest of the three begonia types to start from cuttings, but you may also have success taking cuttings from some other types of begonias. Care of Begonia dregei (partita) Shade to partial shade, temp. Begonias can be transplanted to the flower garden in late spring as soon as the danger of frost has passed; they will thrive—even bloom, depending on the variety—from then until fall when overnight lows dip below freezing. Remove the dormant tuber from the soil and treat it with a garden fungicide powder before storing it in a dry indoor location between 55 and 65 degrees warm until late winter. If you're after plants that have stunning flowers and spectacular foliage, then begonias are hard to beat. In terms of growing, they like rich, well-drained soil and detest soggy feet. Insects Slugs, snails and green lopper caterpillars like to have a meal on their leaves. Wax Begonia varieties don’t need quite as much room to grow; you can space them six to eight inches apart. Let me take you through how to take care of this beautiful houseplant! If you’re looking for blooms to plant in (shaded) window boxes and hanging baskets, select a species of fibrous begonias that develops long, soft canes; these bamboo-like stems will spill over the edge in a showy burst of color. Planting them under other shrubs will help protect them. For the best chance at saving the tubers in your garden, transplant them into pots and bring them indoors before frost. Prepare the soil by tilling it well to break up any clods before planting. In most of the U.S., however, begonias are treated as annuals (planted for a single growing season) or indoor specimen plants. With optimum care, some cultivars can reach six feet or more in height in a container, as much as 15 feet or so in the ground in mild winter areas. Flowering – May to October. This fungal disease shows on the tops and undersides of leaves as a grey/white coating, and they eventually wither and die. The leaves and flowers arise from the joints. They can handle being a little on the dry side and prefer semi-shade. A group of two or three pots of these little beauties will brighten any room. Known better for striking foliage than blooms (although some species are flowering), rhizomatous begonias are characterized by roots resembling knobby, horizontal stems that creep along the surface of the soil. Cut off the leaf and discard and move pots into a more sheltered spot, or give garden plants a new position that doesn’t get direct midday sun. These are robust plants; they come in many sizes, colours. tall, allow getting slightly dry between watering. Great care must be taken when watering your Iron Cross Begonia. flower prolifically and come in fabulous colours, from hot reds and oranges to softer sherbet-like pinks, lemons and apricots. Begonias grown indoors are especially susceptible to root rot and overwatering. Some of the cane-stemmed and wax varieties will tolerate full sun. You can even water it every day during the summer! Water the soil around the plant and avoid splashing the leaves, watering in the morning so any excess moisture can evaporate during the day. In more densely shaded spots, flowering tuberous and fibrous begonias tend to develop more leaves than blooms, though Rhizomatous begonias (which are grown for their foliage) will flourish. In the garden, they require free- draining soil improved with compost. Grow them in African violet potting mix and keep it evenly moist. When you take care of begonias, make sure that you only water them when they need to be watered. Ideal begonia care requires well-drained soil that has been amended by the addition of organic matter, such as compost and peat moss. It naturally develops multiple vertical stems, but can be trained to a single trunk by judicious pruning and pinching suckers as they develop. Begonia care tips. While many species favour shady parts of the garden, others thrive in direct sun, and you’ll find varieties to suit pots, tubs, garden beds and hanging baskets. Treat the slugs and snails with bait and pick off the caterpillars. In pots, use a light free- draining potting mix containing coco coir, perlite or vermiculite (African violet mix works well). Begonia Dregei requires an average amount of water. By Glenda Taylor. A few standouts in the group are Begonia venosa, with rounded silver-grey velvety leaves, B. metallica, with purple-veined leaves, and the majestic B. luxurians, with leaves that look almost like a palm frond – green on the topside and red underneath. Place the pot on a plate and moisten the soil. Some species will also tolerate deep shade. Species of rhizomatous and fibrous begonias are among the easiest to overwinter, since both types can be dug up and brought indoors to overwinter as houseplants. These plants have rhizomatous roots that store water and will drown from overwatering. Place the tray in a humidity station to keep things warm and moist, preferably under fluorescent light. The roots of a fibrous begonia look like your typical plant roots that extend downward into the soil. When planting Begonias outside, space them about 12 inches apart to allow for adequate growing room. If it looks weak and leggy, or has any holes, spots or discolouration on the leaves or stems don’t buy it, as it will not thrive. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. Cut back spent flower stems to 5–10cm long, to revitalise the plant and encourage new growth. Soil. They like humidity and warmth, but can’t tolerate extreme heat, dryness or frost. When filling out your flower bed, you can either purchase blooming begonias from any garden center in late spring or grow these bedding plants from seeds, rhizomes, tubers, or roots. They need good ventilation to help prevent fungal diseases and do well planted under trees and shrubs. Make neighbors jealous with the addition of your own this season. Begonia antsiranensis I have a big collection of Begonias and I look forward to exchanging them with other enthusiasts as well as selling them. Soil should remain moist, but not too wet. Heavy clay soil that becomes waterlogged is unsuited, as it can cause root and stem rot. It can be kept indoors as a houseplant and are easy to care for. Heavy clay soil that becomes waterlogged is unsuited, as it can cause root and stem. While begonias can’t tolerate hours of direct sunlight, these plants bloom in a combination of partial shade and soft light. Some of the tougher forms can also survive in hot, sunny spots: flower colour can be darker when these are grown in sun. Many expert… You can lightly press them into the soil but avoid burying them. They need high humidity but hate soggy roots, so water only when dry. They make delightful pot or window box displays. The leaves on this type of begonia can be quite colorful, ranging from near-white and soft yellow to deep purple, green, and red, often in exotic combinations and patterns. As with all begonias, they do not like cold drafts and cannot tolerate freezing. Glenda Taylor, 11 Decorative Pillow Trends to Expect in 2021, 10 Homeowner Antics That Annoy Contractors Most, 15 Wainscoting Ideas with the Most Character and Charm, 11 Things You Didn't Know You Could Buy in Bulk. In the garden, they require free- draining soil improved with compost. Begonia seed can be bought online. Here’s Angel Wing Begonia care guide summary: It likes humidity and a lot of water. Beware of the Pests and Mold Copyright © 2020 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. When caring for begonias, keep the plants in containers, water regularly, spray with a soil activator and keep the soil loose. Too much water can cause plants to turn brown and rot, so allow them to dry out almost completely between waterings. They come in an astounding array of leaf shapes, sizes, patterns and colours – with the flowers ranging through white, pink, red, yellow, orange and many other hues. Tall growing, up to 1-2m, these varieties bloom from mid-summer to mid-autumn with fleshy flowers like little chandeliers, in shades of pink, red, orange and white. Temperature: Average to warm (and humid). They are not as sensitive to direct light as rex begonias, but cannot handle the direct sunlight of a wax begonia. White fly, mites and scale can also be a problem, treat with an appropriate chemical spray, checking the label to for application rates. These low-growing annuals are ideal as a bedding plant. Location and water are the two most important factors when growing begonias. Begonia blancii Begonia blancii variegata Begonia bowerae Begonia brevirimosa Begonia carolineifolia Begonia chloroneura Begonia crassicaulis Begonia dichotoma Begonia dregei Begonia … Cane-like begonias have long stems with slightly swollen joints ("nodes")-they resemble bamboo. BEGONIA CARE Tuberous begonias will naturally die back each year. They grow well in pots and hanging baskets in bright filtered light. There are commercially available sprays that are useful in treating this disease. Keep the soil of overwintering begonias damp but not saturated, and water them from the bottom to keep their leaves dry. Or try them as specimen plants in large pots, on a verandah or in a courtyard. Begonias for the garden have different cultivation needs so the notes below will help guide you to success. The foliage is absolutely stunning and is nicknamed the Polka Dot begonia for obvious reasons. Rex Begonia’s are also called looking glass plants. rot. Planting and Care Begonias can be used in mass plantings, or they can be mixed with other annuals. This plant is highly susceptible to root rot.As such, it is always best to add a layer of pebbles or broken pieces of terracotta pots to … For potted plants, apply a general-purpose slow-release fertiliser at the time of potting and liquid fertiliser at half-strength every two to three weeks during the growing period. Begonia Maculata does very well in a mixture of sand, clay, and loamy soil inside a pot with good drainage. Annual begonia plants can sprout up quickly under the right conditions. Too much water can cause plants to turn brown and rot, so allow them to dry out almost completely between waterings. Now cover the pot with a glass dome and give it a brightly lit spot in your home. Also known as king begonias, Rex begonias have the name for good reason. Begonias respond better to fertilizer solutions poured around their base rather than sprayed directly on the plant; the tender leaves and stems of some species can be injured by direct contact with strong fertilizer sprays. They need high humidity but hate soggy roots, so water only when dry. The rex begonia is a native of Southeast Asia. In the garden, it’s advisable to incorporate. Begonias have fleshy stems and leaves that hold water for long periods of time, so they don’t need. good reason. If you are interested feel free to send me an e-mail. Rex Begonia Features: An Overview. Rex Begonia leaves also grow in purple, cream, pink, and silver. As a general rule, begonias favour bright filtered light with no exposure to harsh midday sun. Try to water the soil around the plant and not the foliage, as wet leaves can encourage powdery mildew. To force a begonia tuber, put it hollow-side up in a medium-sized peat pot filled with lightweight, porous potting soil. Good care of a plant is vital for the successful growth of the plant. Inspect the plant carefully for any signs of disease or insect damage. Provide lots of humidity. ... Begonias: How to Plant, Grow and Care for Begonias. Disclosure: BobVila.com participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Because begonias get easily damaged by cold weather, you should bring your begonia inside as soon as it gets below 60 °F or 15 °C. This type of begonia originates from South America, and it is a perennial flowering plant. Tuberous begonias, which are grown from potato-like tubers, make popular bedding plants (or first-choice options for the flower bed) due to the fast growth of their showy blooms that last from early summer to late fall. They grow well in pots and hanging baskets in bright filtered light.

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