The canon of Scripture is the list of 73 books that belong to the Bible. And second, Catholics include these books in their Bible. … Prophet Martin Kofi Danso Impregnates Church Member, After Private Jet Gift / If Adam And Eve Where Whites According To Some Books And Bibles,why Are We Black / Why Did The Vatican Remove 14 Books … The Protestants attempt to defend their rejection of the deuterocanonicals on the ground that the early Jews rejected them. [Note: These people's leaders (popes, priests, etc.) Only 11 of these are included in the Catholic Bible today but all 14 can still be found in the Orthodox Bible. 1. The Old Testament Apocrypha consists of eleven or twelve books, depending upon how they are divided, that the Roman Catholic Church adds to the Old Testament. Martin Luther, without any authority whatsoever, removed those seven books and placed them in an appendix during the reformation. Roman Catholics may tell you, "You Protestants are missing part of the Bible. And the Ethiopian Orthodox Church includes 81 total books in its Bible , including pseudepigrapha like 1 … With this background, we can now address why the Protestant versions of the Bible have less books than the Catholic versions. The Protestant church generally does not believe these books are inspired and therefore canonical, that is authoritative and deserving to be a part of the Bible as the Word of God. My prayer is for the universal church, that it may find a way to reconcile a unified canon, based on Apostolic and traditional church practice, that neither over- or under-values, in doctrine and deed, those books since ancient times called Apocrypha. The NT makes many allusions and references to the OT. 1. The Protestants reject these books as Holy Scripture for the following reasons. Gary Michuta is an expert on the canon of Scripture, especially in regards to the Deutero-canonical books, what the Protestants call the Apocrypha. You’re an inspiration to many people. With Jerome’s position no longer tenable, Protestantism really doesn’t have a historical leg to stand on in regards to their OT canon. My position, based on the research presented here, is thus: both Protestant and Catholic Christians erred by adopting extreme positions relative to each other, spurred by the tension of the Counter-/Reformation. Some scholars believe Luther wanted to return to the "primitive faith," and therefore accepted only those Old Testament books written in Hebrew originally; others speculate he wanted to remove anything which disagreed with his own theology. The short answer is this: When Luther was cornered in a debate over Purgatory, his opponent, Johann Eck, cited 2 Maccabees against Luther’s position. Well done. The British and Foreign Bible Society decided in 1827 to remove these books from further publications and labeled these books "apocrypha." STEVE RAY HERE: Thanks. Later in the debate, Luther appealed to St. Jerome for rejecting Maccabees (the councils of Carthage, Hippo, and Florence all included Macabees as canonical Scripture). Thank you! However, after they passed from the scene, muddled hierarchs started adding books to the Bible either out of ignorance or because such books helped back up variou… Early Protestants thought these books did not carry the authority of the other books of the Bible though they were still worth reading. One thing that they did was to decide officially the list of books that were to compose their Scriptures. Thank you very much for your time! He is the man who opposed Martin Luther at Augsburg. One thing that they did was to decide officially the list of books that were to compose their Scriptures. Op your post should be "why did the protestants remove those books" not the Catholic Church. God Bless. It can be found on YouTube and free to download. have led them astray to this wrong belief.] However, many Protestant versions of the Bible today will state, "King James version with Apocrypha." I don’t know when these events occurred, but I believe I read that the chapters and verses were determined by monks as they copied the scriptures. Sorry I’m not of more help. Maccabees contradicted Protestant doctrine on praying for the dead and intercession of dead saints , so it had to go. I wish to write articles about faith in this modern age within a sociological, psychological, and philosophical framework, as well as how political climates come into play and finally, to show readers what tradition and authority really mean, I hope to do this by, among many other things, making relevant again Pope Pius XII’s encyclical “Humani Generis,” The Council of Trent, reacting to the Protestant Reformers, repeated the canon of Florence in the Decree on Sacred Books and on Traditions to be Received (1546) and decreed that the books were to be treated "with equal devotion and reverence." Care was taken not to over- or under-represent sources of inclusion or exclusion, especially in cases where information is not complete (i.e. I am interested in how we got to this mess today. The Protestant Bible, of which the NIV is one version, is seven books shorter than the Bible used by Roman Catholics. They were added by the Catholic Church at the Council of Trent after Luther rejected it. There are strange passages throughout the 66 book Bible: Leviticus, Job, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Jude and Revelation come to mind. In his writings on the New Testament, he noted that the books of Hebrews, James, Jude, and Revelation were inferior to the rest, and they followed “the certain, main books of the New Testament.” There are strange passages throughout the 66 book Bible: Leviticus, Job, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Jude and Revelation come to mind. The fathers of Protestantism were the ones who “took these books out”, or, to be more precise, adopted a different Old Testament canon. According to the speaker, Steve, the book of Enoch includes explanations about giants, fallen angels, creation and more that explains various other portions of the Bible that without the books presence doesn’t quiet make sense. The British and Foreign Bible Society decided in 1827 to remove these books from further publications and labeled these books "apocryphal." The Apocrypha was removed from the Protestant Bible altogether at the time of the Reformation. I have read the Protestant OT and NT 10 times cover to cover that I kept count of and a few more times beyond that. The short answer to your question is that Protestants eventually rejected the OT Apocrypha because these books were not a part of the Jewis canon of scripture. However, the Jewish councils that rejected them (e.g., School of Javneh (also called “Jamnia” in 90 – 100 A.D.) were the same councils that rejected the entire New Testatment canon. First, most have never read these books. Second Book of Machabees. Thank you again for this incredible website! Thank you for your suggestion to contact the Augustine Institute. Open this link NOW, You have a miracle waiting for you. The basic question being asked is: why did Luther remove the Apocrypha from the Bible? Why Martin Luther Removed Some Books From The Bible - Religion - Nairaland. From Wikipedia:. Thanks and I will but I meant apart from that book. (In 1947, however, fragments in Hebrew of Tobit and Sirach were discovered among the Dead Sea Scrolls. Until then, they had been included at least in an appendix of Protestant Bibles. Similarly, Protestants erred by adopting anti-Catholic sentiment and removing the Apocrypha from the printed Bible entirely, diverting from 1600 years of church practice and abandoning the historical, liturgical, and edifying qualities of the deuterocanon. Book of Wisdom. The Protestant Bible is missing several books from the original Bible assembled in 364 AD by the Council of Laodicea. use it to write articles promoting and defending the Catholic faith. The British and Foreign Bible Society decided in 1827 to remove these books from further publications and labeled these books “apocryphal.” However, many Protestant versions of the Bible today will state, “King James version with Apocrypha.” Powerful 9 Hours Novena Prayers To The Infant Of Prague. Answer: This is a complicated issue. As a side note, Jerome rejected it because he thought that a Hebrew manuscript tradition, known as the Masoretic Text, was identical to the inspired originals and all other copies were made from this text. fragmented codexes) or when an author lists a book (i.e. Hey Joe Jersey check out Youversion Bible app. First Book of Machabees. Why did Protestants remove several books from the Bible? This is by Joel Peters. In the year 1611 the Holy Bible was translated from Latin to English; and at that time the Bible contained a total of 80 books. Book of Tobias. Protestants had long treated the extra books as, at best, deuterocanonical. Luther didn't remove any books, actually. It seems that these seven were added by the Catholic Church later. You can read his book Why Catholic Bibles Are Bigger to see what I mean. Why did Protestants remove several books from the Bible? Next post: JP II Center in Kraków, Divine Mercy Center for the Decade and Mass, Tour of Krakòw. The early Church did not require all Scripture to be written in Hebrew, and the New Testament books were written in Greek. The question is: Why does “the Catholic Bible” include these extra books, and what is this Apocrypha? Most Protestant Bibles have 66 books, 39 in the Old Testament and 27 in the New Testament. Your friends can disagree all they want, but history shows that they are wrong. The last 14 books that made up the end of the Old Testament were as follows: 1 Esdras 2 Esdras Tobit Judith The rest of Esther The Wisdom of Solomon […] Second Book of Machabees. The Protestants attempt to defend their rejection of the deuterocanonicals on the ground that … See what you will gain if you pray the Holy Rosary today. May God Bless you and your endeavors. In early Protestant Bibles, the Deuterocanonical books had been placed together in a separate section between the … https://www.catholicconvert.com/blog/2018/05/23/sola-scriptura-and-the-canon-of-scripture/, https://www.catholicconvert.com/resources/michuta-vs-white-debate/. Open this link NOW. Christians are sometimes wholly unaware that this difference exists, completely misled as to why there is a difference, or confident that their particular canon of books is undoubtedly the original. Without the authority of the Catholic Church, how does a Protestant know which books belong in the New Testament? All Rights Reserved. I too need to get this book! However, I think the work you’ve done is very helpful and nicely presented. This was the version of the Old Testament used by the New Testament authors and by Christians during the first century A.D. With the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem by the Romans in the year 70 A.D. and because the Christians were seen as a threat, the Jewish leaders saw a need to get their house in order. This version of the Bible included the seven Deuterocanonical books. But in the long run, it really came down to Jerome’s rejection. I have read the Protestant OT and NT 10 times cover to cover that I kept count of and a few more times beyond that. Previous post: Walking in the Footprints of St. Pope John Paul II’s Childhood and much more! https://consciousreminder.com/2017/03/12/vatican-remove-14-books-bible-1684 An example of this is Cardinal Cajetan. In 1518, he published A Commentary on all the Authentic Historical Books of the Old Testament. The last 14 books that made up the end of the Old Testament were as follows: 1 Esdras 2 Esdras Tobit Judith The rest of Esther The Wisdom of Solomon […] One historical fact which proves extremely convenient for the Protestant is the fact that the canon of the Bible – the authoritative list of exactly which books are part of inspired Scripture – was not settled and fixed until the end of the 4th century. If you have any of these, or any Christian Bible that does not contain the books we are talking about, I have news for you … You do not have a Catholic Bible, but a Protestant one. I love it. Joe, I am sorry but I don’t know of one off the top of my head, but I think if you search Google for “Catholic Bible on line” I think you will find plenty. 1. Open this link NOW. Can you recommend any magazines, papers, or journals that accept submissions on those topics? The British and Foreign Bible Society decided in 1827 to remove these books from further publications and labeled these books "apocryphal." Here are several reasons why many Christian authorities reject the writings of the Apocrypha: 1. A Protestant Bible is a Christian Bible whose translation or revision was produced by Protestants.Such Bibles comprise 39 books of the Old Testament (according to the Hebrew Bible canon, known especially to non-Protestants as the protocanonical books) and 27 books of the New Testament for a total of 66 books. Literally, “the canon” refers to the list of books officially included in the Bible; thus, “deuterocanonical” means “the second canon,” or the-canon-in-addition-to-the-Protestant-canon-of-thirty-nine-Old-Testament-books. My aim was to simplify things as much as possible but also draw out some facts that I was not aware of until i did some research e.g there was no universally accepted Hebrew canon when Jesus lived, the Council of Jamnia was a theory – not fact, etc. My scoring methodology awards +2 points when a source affirms the canonicity of one of the deuterocanon, -2 points for explicitly excluding the deuterocanon, and -1 point when a book is excluded by absentia (an implied exclusion based on the assumption that they left it off the explicit list for a reason). 12:45) because it supported the Church’s teaching on purgatory. For Catholics it is not a matter of scoring but a matter of authority. The short answer is this: When Luther was cornered in a debate over Purgatory, his opponent, Johann Eck, cited 2 Maccabees against Luther’s position. I needed an answer, and you have given it. Why Protestants Reject the Deutero-canonical Books – Short Answer. Everything is there; from Genesis to the Book of the Apocalypse. STEVE RAY HERE: 2. If you want to criticize the Catholic Church, you should at least get your facts right. Later Lutherans followed Luther’s Old Testament list and rejected the Deuterocanonical books, but they did not follow his rejection of the New Testament books. God bless. From then on, Luther (and all Protestants) have been trying to justify this removal. Why did the Vatican remove 14 books from the Bible in 1684? Protestants have removed some books of the Bible because some of the verses were inconsistent with their theology. It is in the protestant Bible you can't find them. A researcher’s dream! Book of Judith. Are there any (other) sources you can recommend on the history of Sacred Scripture? I have an entire chapter on this question in my book Daniel, Prophet to the Nations (www.ipibooks.com) because part of the OT Apocrypha includes the "Additions to Daniel. The reason why the Protestants, who claim to follow the Bible more that those apostates Catholics and Orthodoxs do (even if they follow mutilated Bibles) took those books from the Bible because they disagreed with doctrines sustained in Scripture there, like praying for the dead, the intersession of the saints, praying to angels. Well, let’s examine the logical consistency because consistency reveals/betrays one’s stupidity, or worse, dishonesty. Someone has to close the canon – in other words, some authority has to say “these books are inspired and these books are not inspired.” It was the Catholic Church that made that determination. It is historically demonstrable that Catholics did not add the books, Protestants took them out. This video explains why they believe that was a mistake. Daniel) but does not clarify if the additions are included as well. Thank you and God bless you! This means that Jerome’s idea of “Hebrew truth” (I.e., only that which is found in the Hebrew MT is true) has been demonstrated to be an error. Luther was forced to say that Second Maccabees could not be allowed in the debate because it wasn’t canonical. These were the last books of the Old Testament written, composed in the last two centuries B.C. In 1534, Martin Luther translated the Bible into German. God has given me the talent to write and I want to In fact, Martin Luther didn't remove them entirely. In the year 1611 the Holy Bible was translated from Latin to English; and at that time the Bible contained a total of 80 books. Even beyond fully dropping the deuterocanonical books, there are cases where Protestants don't hold certain books on equal footing with others. Defenders of the Catholic Faith | Hosted by Stephen K. Ray. The version of the Bible in use at the time of Jesus was the Septuagint (abbreviated LXX, for the 70 men who translated it from Hebrew into Greek by the beginning of the first century B.C.). If one rejects Text X, then it logically follows that every subsequent work which sources Text X as if nothing is wrong should also be questioned if not rejected. This is an excellent short answer. The Bible speaks against adding to or subtracting from the word of God. The reason why the Protestants, who claim to follow the Bible more that those apostates Catholics and Orthodoxs do (even if they follow mutilated Bibles) took those books from the Bible because they disagreed with doctrines sustained in Scripture there, like praying for the dead, the intersession of the saints, praying to angels. Christians are sometimes wholly unaware that this difference exists, completely misled as to why there is a difference, or confident that their particular canon of books is undoubtedly the original. Protestant Reformer Martin Luther COGwriter Although Protestants like to think positively about Martin Luther because of his supposed belief in sola Scriptura (the Bible alone), the truth is that Martin Luther changed parts of the Bible and discounted the value of many books.. Notice a change he admitted to regarding Romans 3:28: They have many bibles and multiple catholic versions for free. During the Protestant revolt in the 16th century, the Protestants removed seven books. It is taken from Twenty One Reasons to Reject Sola Scriptura. That was Protestants, not Catholics. It is the preeminent authorized Catholic Bible. He placed them in the back of his bible without page numbers. Due to health reasons, I am unable to work but on good days I’m able to write, as long as there is no time restriction. Wonderful piece of work, Frank. Roman Catholic and Orthodox Faith Examined and The Apocrypha "The Jewish canon, or the Hebrew Bible, was universally received, while the Apocrypha added to the Greek version of the Septuagint were only in a general way accounted as books suitable for church reading, and thus as a middle class between canonical and strictly apocryphal (pseudonymous) writings. Prophecy of Baruch. Start at Matthew … there won’t be much of a NT left. Say this simple miracle prayer if you need a miracle today. 50 Days With The Holy Spirit (My Greatest Friend), Three Day Miracle Prayer To The Blessed Virgin Mary. Thank you for developing this site! End Time Prophecies Of Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich. Some had even called them non-canonical, and there were some precedents for printing a Bible without these books. I have just discovered your site — I’m very impressed with the size as well as the scope of information. Prophecy of Baruch. "The short answer to your question is that Protestants eventually rejected the OT Apocrypha because these books were not a part of the Jewis canon of scripture. Why Did Martin Luther Remove 7 Books From The Bible? That is why they initially included them. By appealing to Jerome, he also rejected all the other books Jerome rejected (Wisdom, Sirach, Baruch, Tobit, Judith, 1st and 2nd Maccabees, Daniel 13, and sections of Esther). A List of Approved Catholic Translations, A Comprehensive List of All the Mortal Sins You Must Know and Avoid as a True Catholic. Reformed theologian R. C. Sproul honestly admits that the Protestant position can at best claim “a fallible collection of infallible books” (Essential Truths of the Christian Faith [Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale House, 1992], 22). Over on the Catholic Answers apologetics forum, I've spent some time engaging Roman Catholics (and one Lutheran) in a thread entitled, Martin Luther and the Deuterocanonicals.I mentioned this thread a few days ago.
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